2010-2016 - BC Ministry of Agriculture and others
The Agriculture Water Demand Model was developed to provide information on current and future agriculture water demands for the Okanagan Basin in the context of rapid population growth, drought from climate change and overall increased water demand. The Model has also since been used in other BC watersheds.
The intent of the model is to help fulfil the province’s commitment under the Living Water Strategy to reserve water for agricultural lands. The model calculates water use on a property-by-property basis and sums each property to obtain a total for the entire basin or sub-basins. Crop, irrigation system type, soils and climate data are used to calculate the water demand. Lands within the Agriculture Land Reserve were included in the project.
The following reports are available from the BC Ministry of Agriculture:
- Agriculture Water Demand Model Factsheet - revised Sept 2015 (PDF)
- Report for the City of Kamloops May 2016 (PDF, 3.6 MB)
- Report for the Fraser Valley Feb 2015 (PDF, 2.0 MB)
- Report for the Comox Valley Regional District Dec 2014 (PDF, 1.3 MB)
- Report for the Bonaparte Watershed Oct 2013 (PDF, 5.3 MB)
- Report for the Kettle Watershed Oct 2013 (PDF, 2.7MB)
- Report for the Nicola Watershed Oct 2013 (PDF, 2.0MB)
- Report for the Similkameen Watershed Oct 2013 (PDF, 2.2 MB)
- Report for Metro Vancouver June 2013 (PDF, 7.9 MB)
- Report for the Cowichan Valley Regional District June 2013 (PDF, 4.4 MB)
- Report for the Regional District of Nanaimo May 2013 (PDF, 3.5 MB)
- Report for the North Thompson May 2013 (PDF, 4.0 MB)
- Report for the Okanagan Basin Feb 2010 (PDF, 9.0 MB)
Here also is a short video introducing the Model when it was a finalist for the 2009/2010 Premier’s Awards.
2012 – BC Agriculture Council
The BC Agriculture Climate Change Adaptation Risk & Opportunity Series shows how changes to the climate may impact agricultural production in key regions of BC, and the risks and opportunities associated with these impacts. The reports include perspectives gathered from agricultural producers on climate impacts and the ability of the sector to adjust to these impacts. There are also suggested actions to develop approaches, tools and resources to better support a resilient sector in a changing climate. It is part of the BC Agriculture and Food Climate Adaptation Initiative.
Regional Adaptation Strategies
- Regional Adaptation Strategies: Cowichan
- Regional Adaptation Strategies: Delta
- Regional Adaptation Strategies: Peace
- Regional Adaptation Strategies: Cariboo
BC Agriculture Climate Change Adaptation Risk & Opportunity Series
- Provincial Report (Full and Executive Summary)
- Regional Snapshot: The Central Interior/Cattle Production
- Regional Snapshot: Fraser Valley and Metro Vancouver: Various Production
- Regional Snapshot: The Okanagan Region: Wine Grape and Tree Fruit
- Regional Snapshot: The Peace Region: Grain and Oilseed Production
- Regional Snapshot: Vancouver Island: Livestock and Horticultural Crops
BC Farm Practices and Climate Change Adaptation Series
- Conservation Tillage
- Management-Intensive Grazing
- Nutrient Management
- Water Storage
- Summary Report & Additional Findings
(2014) Natural Resources Canada
The climate is changing – in Canada and throughout the world. Globally, international assessments continue to identify rising air and ocean temperatures, shifting precipitation patterns, shrinking glaciers, declining snow cover and sea ice extent, rising sea level and changes in extreme events (IPCC, 2013).
In 2008, the Government of Canada released a national-scale science assessment of climate change impacts and adaptation: From Impacts to Adaptation: Canada in a Changing Climate).
This report – Canada in a Changing Climate: Sector Perspectives on Impacts and Adaptation – is a 2014 update to the 2008 assessment. It discusses climate change impacts and adaptation from a sectoral perspective, based primarily on literature published up to the end of 2012. Led by Natural Resources Canada, the updated assessment involved over 90 authors and 115 expert reviewers, and synthesizes over 1,500 recent publications.
The report focus is on the following sectors: natural resources, food production, biodiversity and protected areas, human health, water and transportation infrastructure and industry.
2013 - ACT, Simon Fraser University
This backgrounder focuses on the impacts of extreme events on crop production and food supply chains in Canada. It canvasses impacts on iconic foods — Pacific wild salmon, Western beef, Prairie grains, Eastern ice wine and Quebec maple syrup — and how warmer, wetter and drier conditions provide opportunities for gains in some food sectors and losses in others, and how extreme weather events take some crop and food supply systems out of production for weeks, months or years. Finally, it touches on steps needed to ensure that the agriculture and the agri-food sectors are sustainable.
In addition to the full backgrounder, see the companion Summary for Decision-makers:
2013 – Pacific Institute for Climate Solutions
This white paper builds on the findings of the BC Agriculture Climate Change Risk & Opportunity Assessment of 2012. The focus is on the critical role of government policy-makers in addressing climate change impacts in the agricultural sector and recommends steps to help ensure the future resilience of BC agriculture.
2016 - The British Columbia Agriculture & Food Climate Action Initiative
The ability of agricultural producers to adapt to climate change is often linked to physical resources and decision-making processes that are beyond the individual farm. Some of the most significant issues affecting future food production in BC include: water management (water supply and storage, drainage and ditching); emergency planning; land use practices; and regional infrastructure).
The planning process for developing Regional Adaptation Strategies brings local governments and agricultural producers together to identify strategies and actions for addressing climate change impacts. Building collaboration to address agricultural adaptation issues is an important underlying goal of the process. The types of strategies and actions identified reflect the specifics of local climate change impacts, as well as the adaptive capacity and adaptation challenges and opportunities facing local agriculture.
A local Advisory Committee for the Okanagan region was formed to provide input throughout the project. This Committee included participants from the three regional districts in the Okanagan, the BC Ministry of Agriculture, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC) and a number of agricultural organizations.
2017 - International Institute for Sustainable Development, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Carleton University
This brief explores resilience measurement in the agriculture sector within the province of Ontario. It provides a list of indicators based on extensive collaborative research with policy-makers, academia and representatives of relevant agencies. The indicators in this study were developed in the context of Ontario but are relevant to other agricultural regions in Canada.
CSANR and partners have undertaken a number of projects to increase understanding of the impact of climate change on agricultural production in Washington State and to inform regional investments in agricultural adaptation to climate change. These projects include an initial “triage” assessment of agricultural vulnerability (Washington Climate Change Impact Assessment Project), a broadened evaluation of crop vulnerability to climate change and irrigation (Columbia River Supply and Demand Forecast) and ongoing projects assessing wheat production (REACCH), expanded regional forecasting (BioEarth) and specific water-shed level considerations (WISDM).
The CSANR website offers a number of helpful publications and case studies on climate resilience in agriculture.
Go to Resource: http://csanr.wsu.edu/climate-impacts-adaptation/
2012 – Centre for Indigenous Environmental Resources - Video
Here is a presentation for the 2012 Forum "Climate Change Adaptation Planning on Food, Plant and Medicine Security" in Akwesasne, part of a project of the Centre for Indigenous Environmental Resources.
Go to Resource: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3TwbsO8p4bw
2011 — Vancouver Island Local Food Project, coordinated by Office of Community Based Research, University of Victoria
This discussion paper describes potential climate change impacts on Vancouver Island’s local food production and offers adaptation strategies.