Fraser Basin Council


2010-2016 - BC Ministry of Agriculture and others

The Agriculture Water Demand Model was developed to provide information on current and future agriculture water demands for the Okanagan Basin in the context of rapid population growth, drought from climate change and overall increased water demand. The Model has also since been used in other BC watersheds.

The intent of the model is to help fulfil the province’s commitment under the Living Water Strategy to reserve water for agricultural lands. The model calculates water use on a property-by-property basis and sums each property to obtain a total for the entire basin or sub-basins. Crop, irrigation system type, soils and climate data are used to calculate the water demand. Lands within the Agriculture Land Reserve were included in the project.

The following reports are available from the BC Ministry of Agriculture:

Here also is a short video introducing the Model when it was a finalist for the 2009/2010 Premier’s Awards.

2012 – BC Agriculture Council

The BC Agriculture Climate Change Adaptation Risk & Opportunity Series shows how changes to the climate may impact agricultural production in key regions of BC, and the risks and opportunities associated with these impacts. The reports include perspectives gathered from agricultural producers on climate impacts and the ability of the sector to adjust to these impacts.  There are also suggested actions to develop approaches, tools and resources to better support a resilient sector in a changing climate. It is part of the BC Agriculture and Food Climate Adaptation Initiative.

Available titles:

Regional Adaptation Strategies

  • Regional Adaptation Strategies: Cowichan
  • Regional Adaptation Strategies: Delta
  • Regional Adaptation Strategies: Peace
  • Regional Adaptation Strategies: Cariboo

BC Agriculture Climate Change Adaptation Risk & Opportunity Series

  • Provincial Report (Full and Executive Summary)
  • Regional Snapshot: The Central Interior/Cattle Production
  • Regional Snapshot: Fraser Valley and Metro Vancouver: Various Production
  • Regional Snapshot: The Okanagan Region: Wine Grape and Tree Fruit
  • Regional Snapshot: The Peace Region: Grain and Oilseed Production
  • Regional Snapshot: Vancouver Island: Livestock and Horticultural Crops

BC Farm Practices and Climate Change Adaptation Series

  • Conservation Tillage
  • Drainage
  • Management-Intensive Grazing
  • Nutrient Management
  • Shelterbelts
  • Water Storage
  • Summary Report & Additional Findings


(2014) Natural Resources Canada

The climate is changing – in Canada and throughout the world. Globally, international assessments continue to identify rising air and ocean temperatures, shifting precipitation patterns, shrinking glaciers, declining snow cover and sea ice extent, rising sea level and changes in extreme events (IPCC, 2013).

In 2008, the Government of Canada released a national-scale science assessment of climate change impacts and adaptation: From Impacts to Adaptation: Canada in a Changing Climate).

This report – Canada in a Changing Climate: Sector Perspectives on Impacts and Adaptation – is a 2014 update to the 2008 assessment. It discusses climate change impacts and adaptation from a sectoral perspective, based primarily on literature published up to the end of 2012. Led by Natural Resources Canada, the updated assessment involved over 90 authors and 115 expert reviewers, and synthesizes over 1,500 recent publications.

The report focus is on the following sectors: natural resources, food production, biodiversity and protected areas, human health, water and transportation infrastructure and industry.

2013 - ACT, Simon Fraser University

This backgrounder focuses on the impacts of extreme events on crop production and food supply chains in Canada. It canvasses impacts on iconic foods — Pacific wild salmon, Western beef, Prairie grains, Eastern ice wine and Quebec maple syrup — and how warmer, wetter and drier conditions provide opportunities for gains in some food sectors and losses in others, and how extreme weather events take some crop and food supply systems out of production for weeks, months or years. Finally, it touches on steps needed to ensure that the agriculture and the agri-food sectors are sustainable.

In addition to the full backgrounder, see the companion Summary for Decision-makers:

Keywords: Canada, Agriculture

2013 – Pacific Institute for Climate Solutions

This white paper builds on the findings of the BC Agriculture Climate Change Risk & Opportunity Assessment of 2012. The focus is on the critical role of government policy-makers in addressing climate change impacts in the agricultural sector and recommends steps to help ensure the future resilience of BC agriculture.

2016 - The British Columbia Agriculture & Food Climate Action Initiative

The ability of agricultural producers to adapt to climate change is often linked to physical resources and decision-making processes that are beyond the individual farm. Some of the most significant issues affecting future food production in BC include: water management (water supply and storage, drainage and ditching); emergency planning; land use practices; and regional infrastructure).

The planning process for developing Regional Adaptation Strategies brings local governments and agricultural producers together to identify strategies and actions for addressing climate change impacts. Building collaboration to address agricultural adaptation issues is an important underlying goal of the process. The types of strategies and actions identified reflect the specifics of local climate change impacts, as well as the adaptive capacity and adaptation challenges and opportunities facing local agriculture.

A local Advisory Committee for the Okanagan region was formed to provide input throughout the project. This Committee included participants from the three regional districts in the Okanagan, the BC Ministry of Agriculture, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC) and a number of agricultural organizations.

2019 - BC Agricultural Climate Adaptation Research Network & Climate Action Initiative

The BC Agriculture and Climate Change Education Series was a four-part event, delivered across 8 educational institutions in early spring 2019. The series covers key climate change issues in the British Columbia agricultural sector and highlights current initiatives that support producer adaptation.

Each module includes a broadcasted presentation from a leading expert in the field, an interactive question period and facilitated regional activities. Using video conferencing, key discussion points from each region were shared across the province during a report back session to give participants both a regional and provincial perspective on climate change issues and initiatives in BC.

2017 - International Institute for Sustainable Development, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Carleton University

This brief explores resilience measurement in the agriculture sector within the province of Ontario. It provides a list of indicators based on extensive collaborative research with policy-makers, academia and representatives of relevant agencies. The indicators in this study were developed in the context of Ontario but are relevant to other agricultural regions in Canada.

Keywords: Canada, Agriculture

CSANR and partners have undertaken a number of projects to increase understanding of the impact of climate change on agricultural production in Washington State and to inform regional investments in agricultural adaptation to climate change. These projects include an initial “triage” assessment of agricultural vulnerability (Washington Climate Change Impact Assessment Project), a broadened evaluation of crop vulnerability to climate change and irrigation (Columbia River Supply and Demand Forecast) and ongoing projects assessing wheat production (REACCH), expanded regional forecasting (BioEarth) and specific water-shed level considerations (WISDM).

The CSANR website offers a number of helpful publications and case studies on climate resilience in agriculture.

2012 – Centre for Indigenous Environmental Resources - Video

Here is a presentation for the 2012 Forum "Climate Change Adaptation Planning on Food, Plant and Medicine Security" in Akwesasne, part of a project of the Centre for Indigenous Environmental Resources.

About ReTooling for Climate Change

The ReTooling for Climate Change website is a project of the Fraser Basin Council to support local governments and First Nations in BC in preparing for climate change adaptation. The site is funded through the BC Regional Adaptation Collaborative (BC RAC), a partnership program of the Fraser Basin Council and the BC Ministry of Environment – Climate Action Secretariat, with funding from Natural Resources Canada and other in-kind contributions.

Find out more about the Fraser Basin Council and the BC RAC at

We want to hear from you

Share your ideas and suggestions for new resource links to , Senior Program Manager, at the Fraser Basin Council.

Also worth a visit

On this site, you’ll find links to many helpful websites on climate change adaptation.

For steps communities can take to mitigate climate change, check out the Climate Action Toolkit website.