Fraser Basin Council


2014 — Fraser Basin Council

The impacts of climate change – such as an increase in extreme weather events and long-term changes to temperature and precipitation patterns – pose challenges for Canada’s mining sector.

In 2013-2014 the Fraser Basin Council prepared several climate change adaptation case studies in the mining sector, in partnership with the Mining Innovation, Rehabilitation and Applied Research Corporation (MIRARCO) of Sudbury and its parent organization, the Ontario Centre for Climate Impacts and Adaptation Resources (OCCIAR).

This case study focuses on the Galore Creek project, a large copper-gold-silver open pit deposit approximately 200 km northwest of Stewart, BC.

In 2011 the project area was subject to an extreme rainfall event that resulted in flooding, damage and need for remedial action.

This case study offers insights from Galore Creek Mining Corporation into the issues faced at the project site, and what work is underway to address weather and climate-related challenges in future. Challenges include significant variations in precipitation over relatively small areas of rugged terrain, which makes it complex to design robust water management infrastructure; transport of people, equipment and supplies to and from the site; glacial recession and lack of historical climate and hydrological data in proximity to the site.

2010-2016 - BC Ministry of Agriculture and others

The Agriculture Water Demand Model was developed to provide information on current and future agriculture water demands for the Okanagan Basin in the context of rapid population growth, drought from climate change and overall increased water demand. The Model has also since been used in other BC watersheds.

The intent of the model is to help fulfil the province’s commitment under the Living Water Strategy to reserve water for agricultural lands. The model calculates water use on a property-by-property basis and sums each property to obtain a total for the entire basin or sub-basins. Crop, irrigation system type, soils and climate data are used to calculate the water demand. Lands within the Agriculture Land Reserve were included in the project.

The following reports are available from the BC Ministry of Agriculture:

Here also is a short video introducing the Model when it was a finalist for the 2009/2010 Premier’s Awards.

2013 to 2018 – BC Agriculture Council

The BC Agriculture Climate Change Adaptation Risk & Opportunity Series shows how changes to the climate may impact agricultural production in key regions of BC, and the risks and opportunities associated with these impacts. The reports include perspectives gathered from agricultural producers on climate impacts and the ability of the sector to adjust to these impacts.  There are also suggested actions to develop approaches, tools and resources to better support a resilient sector in a changing climate. It is part of the BC Agriculture and Food Climate Adaptation Initiative.

Available titles:

Regional Adaptation Strategies

  • Regional Adaptation Strategies: Cowichan
  • Regional Adaptation Strategies: Delta
  • Regional Adaptation Strategies: Peace
  • Regional Adaptation Strategies: Cariboo

BC Agriculture Climate Change Adaptation Risk & Opportunity Series

  • Provincial Report (Full and Executive Summary)
  • Regional Snapshot: The Central Interior/Cattle Production
  • Regional Snapshot: Fraser Valley and Metro Vancouver: Various Production
  • Regional Snapshot: The Okanagan Region: Wine Grape and Tree Fruit
  • Regional Snapshot: The Peace Region: Grain and Oilseed Production
  • Regional Snapshot: Vancouver Island: Livestock and Horticultural Crops

BC Farm Practices and Climate Change Adaptation Series

  • Conservation Tillage
  • Drainage
  • Management-Intensive Grazing
  • Nutrient Management
  • Shelterbelts
  • Water Storage
  • Summary Report & Additional Findings


2013, Pacific Climate Impacts Consortium

In late 2013 PCIC produced a series of climate summaries for the eight resource regions of British Columbia to help readers learn about past climate and future projected climate change in each region. PCIC intends to update this series as research progresses.

Here are the summaries:

Ministry of Forest Lands and Natural Resource Operations

This website toolkit offers links to state-of the art science, modelling, seminars, initiatives and publications focused on adapting forest management to climate change in British Columbia.

2014 — Fraser Basin Council

The impacts of climate change – such as an increase in extreme weather events and long-term changes to temperature and precipitation patterns – pose challenges for Canada’s mining sector.

Tailings impoundment design, for example, can be affected by long-term temperature change; transportation routes can be affected by freeze-thaw cycles or permafrost degradation; tailings management can be affected by extreme rainfall; mine site water balance can be affected by both short- and long-term changes in hydrology; and mining infrastructure can be vulnerable to damage during extreme weather events. Alongside operational challenges are other business risks: supply chain disruptions, increased insured losses, threats to health and safety, potential increase in legal liability, and project financing uncertainty. All warrant attention within the context of a changing weather regime through design and implementation of appropriate adaptation measures.

In 2013-2014 the Fraser Basin Council prepared several climate change adaptation case studies in the mining sector, in partnership with the Mining Innovation, Rehabilitation and Applied Research Corporation (MIRARCO) of Sudbury and its parent organization, the Ontario Centre for Climate Impacts and Adaptation Resources (OCCIAR).

This case study focuses on the multinational mining company Glencore and its mining operations in Sudbury, Ontario. It summarizes Glencore’s efforts to take stock of climate risks in various facets of its business and the process underway to manage those risks. The case study is intended to support other mining companies in Canada as they consider climate-related risks, how those will affect their business, and what steps might be taken.

The case study is made possible through funding from Natural Resources Canada’s Enhancing Competitiveness in a Changing Climate Program. 

The Centre for Indigenous Environmental Resources (CIER) created six guidebooks to help First Nations through the adaptation planning process. These guidebooks offer suggestions of how a First Nation might plan for climate change, involve the community, and set and achieve priority goals.

A related case study was also developed in partnership with CIER to highlight development of the guidebooks and lessons learned.

The CIER website offers other helpful adaptation resources also: Implementing Adaptive Capacity – First Nations in Transition (T’Sou-ke Nation) webcast (part of Sharing Knowledge for a Better Future program), Managing the Risk of Climate Change – A Guide for Arctic and Northern Communities, Climate Change Impacts on Ice, Winter Roads, Access Trails and Manitoba First Nations and Climate Risks and Adaptive Capacity in Aboriginal Communities – An Assessment South of 60 Degrees Latitude. Visit the CIER Climate Change publications page.

2014 — Pacific Institute for Climate Solutions

Climate Insights 101 is a free interactive course available online from the Pacific Institute for Climate Solutions (PICS). PICS is a consortium of BC’s leading research universities, hosted and led by the University of Victoria.

Designed for a wide audience, Climate Insights 101 introduces the basics of climate science, explains the impacts of climate change in British Columbia and offers an overview of adaptation and mitigation actions in BC and elsewhere.

People can pick any or all of the 11 lessons, along with test-your-knowledge quizzes. The entire course can be completed in about two hours. A PICS collection of short videos on key topics is also available: Climate Insights: Mini-Lessons.

Content for Climate Insights 101 has been provided and peer reviewed by leading climate scientists from British Columbia, including lead authors for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Fifth Assessment Report  (AR5).


2014 — University of British Columbia

Climate Literacy Course: Navigating Climate Change Conversation

2013 – University of British Columbia

Here is a set of lecture videos from a free online course, Climate Literacy: Navigating Climate Change Conversations, offered in 2013 by the University of British Columbia. The videos canvass the scientific and socio-political dimensions of climate change. They introduce the basics of the climate system, models and predictions, human and natural impacts, mitigative and adaptive responses, and the evolution of climate policy.

This course formed the basis of the book Understanding Climate Change: Science, Policy, and Practice, available at the University of Toronto Press.

There are 10 modules, each offering several videos:

  • Module 1: Climate in the Public Sphere
  • Module 2: Introduction to the Climate System
  • Module 3: Earth’s Energy Budget
  • Module 4: The Carbon Cycle
  • Module 5: Climate Models
  • Module 6: Future Climate
  • Module 7: Climate Change Impacts
  • Module 8: Climate Change Mitigation
  • Module 9: Climate Change Adaptation
  • Module 10: Taking Action: Tools for Adaptation and Mitigation


2011 – Kerr Wood Leidal Associates Ltd. for BC Ministry of Forests, Lands and Natural Resource Operations

This report is intended to provide a technically sound basis for BC local governments to develop coastal floodplain maps, and includes an estimation of Flood Construction Levels (FCLs), based on best mapping and engineering practices. In light of rising sea levels, coastal floodplain maps are needed so that local governments can define sea level rise planning zones for land use planning and development decisions. The report summarizes recommended standards for topographic mapping in the production of coastal floodplain maps. A sample coastal floodplain map and design brief for the City of Campbell River is included.

In conjunction with this project, a coastal flood hazard web application had been developed. It illustrates potential year 2100 floodplain areas in coastal BC, based on approximate FCLs.

About ReTooling for Climate Change

The ReTooling for Climate Change website is a project of the Fraser Basin Council to support local governments and First Nations in BC in preparing for climate change adaptation. The site is funded through the BC Regional Adaptation Collaborative (BC RAC), a partnership program of the Fraser Basin Council and the BC Ministry of Environment – Climate Action Secretariat, with funding from Natural Resources Canada and other in-kind contributions.

Find out more about the Fraser Basin Council and the BC RAC at

We want to hear from you

Share your ideas and suggestions for new resource links to , Senior Program Manager, at the Fraser Basin Council.

Also worth a visit

On this site, you’ll find links to many helpful websites on climate change adaptation.

For steps communities can take to mitigate climate change, check out the Climate Action Toolkit website.