Fraser Basin Council


2008 and 2010 – City of Prince George

The Prince George region is susceptible to climate change and its impacts. Over the years, Prince George experienced the consequences of the mountain pine beetle, forest fires, and flooding. The City and the University of Northern British Columbia researchers began studying and planning for climate change in the region and between 2008 and 2010. Their activities included assessing climate change scenarios, identifying potential climate change impacts and options for adaptation, and exploring how to include climate change adaptation into the City's planning processes. The City of Prince George also partnered with the Pacific Climate Impacts Consortium to prepare a comprehensive overview of past climate changes and future projections for the region. Check out their website for more information about the City of Prince George's climate action, including their Community Climate Change Adaptation Strategy

2010 - Robert A. Black, James P. Bruce and I.D. Mark Egener

Using the Canadian national standard framework for risk management, this guide is intended to assist local and regional governments (as well as health officials, emergency managers and businesses) in understanding the risks related to climate change and how to manage predicted impacts. The guide provides an overview of climate trends and projections in BC and the local government planning context. The document focuses primarily on the steps in the risk management process. Briefly summarized, the steps are: getting started; preliminary analysis; risk estimation; risk evaluation; risk controls and adaptation decisions; and implementing and monitoring. The guide stresses the importance of communication and documentation throughout all steps.

2010 - E. Jackson, L. Barry and N. Marzok – ICLEI Canada-Local Governments for Sustainability

This guide and workbook produced by ICLEI Canada-Local Governments for Sustainability provides a comprehensive framework for undertaking adaptation initiatives in a community. The guide outlines a methodology for adaptation planning, using five major milestones (initiate, research, plan, implement and monitor/review) and how to implement each of them. The workbook provides seventeen tools, ranging from basic to more complex, to help communities operationalize the adaptation methodology described in the guide. The authors have also included a supplement to the main guide that provides comprehensive information on other adaptation related resources.

2014 — Working Group II, International Panel on Climate Change

Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability, released March 31, 2014, is a report of Working Group II of the IPCC. It details the impacts of climate change to date, the future risks from a changing climate, and the opportunities for effective action to reduce risks.

The report finds that observed impacts of climate change have already affected agriculture, human health, ecosystems on land and in the oceans, water supplies, and some people’s livelihoods. These impacts are occurring everywhere: from the tropics to the poles, from small islands to large continents, and from the wealthiest countries to the poorest.

The risks from climate change arise from vulnerability (lack of preparedness) and exposure (people or assets in harm’s way), overlapping with hazards (triggering climate events or trends). Each of these three components can be a target for actions to decrease risk.

The report was created by 309 lead authors and editors from 70 countries, 436 contributing authors and 1,729 expert and government reviewers.

The Centre for Indigenous Environmental Resources (CIER) created six guidebooks to help First Nations through the adaptation planning process. These guidebooks offer suggestions of how a First Nation might plan for climate change, involve the community, and set and achieve priority goals.

A related case study was also developed in partnership with CIER to highlight development of the guidebooks and lessons learned.

The CIER website offers other helpful adaptation resources also: Implementing Adaptive Capacity – First Nations in Transition (T’Sou-ke Nation) webcast (part of Sharing Knowledge for a Better Future program), Managing the Risk of Climate Change – A Guide for Arctic and Northern Communities, Climate Change Impacts on Ice, Winter Roads, Access Trails and Manitoba First Nations and Climate Risks and Adaptive Capacity in Aboriginal Communities – An Assessment South of 60 Degrees Latitude. Visit the CIER Climate Change publications page.

In October 2009, the Village of Kaslo embarked on a one-year climate change adaptation planning process as part of the "Communities Adapting to Climate Change Initiative (Phase Two)" of the Columbia Basin Trust.  This case study describes climate change impacts and actions specific to the Village of Kaslo and the surrounding region. Funding was from the BC Regional Adaptation Collaborative (BC RAC) program.

2011 - District of Saanich

The District of Saanich adopted a Climate Change Adaptation Plan in 2011. The plan addresses climate change impacts in 10 key sectors including: ecosystems and urban forests; infrastructure; transportation and mobility; buildings; agriculture and food security; energy supply; economic development; health; land-use; and emergency response. It identifies actions that residents, businesses and municipal operations can take to prepare for and adapt to these impacts.

2011 - Fraser Basin Council and City of Prince George 

This Fraser Basin Council case study summarizes recent climate change adaptation planning in the City of Prince George, British Columbia, which has been underway since 2007. The report Adapting to Climate Change in Prince George: An Overview of Adaptation Priorities (2009) summarizes climate change projections, impacts, strategies and potential adaptation actions for Prince George, and outlines 11 focus areas for adaptation planning. These are considered in Prince George's Integrated Community Sustainability Plan, called myPG 2010, and will be incorporated into the City’s updated Official Community Plan. The City examined some key impacts in greater detail, including transportation infrastructure, stormwater and agriculture, with funding from the BC Regional Climate Adaptation Collaborative initiative.

2012 - Fraser Basin Council and District of Saanich

This Fraser Basin Council case study summarizes steps taken by the District of Saanich in developing it Climate Change Adaptation Plan, which was adopted in 2011. The plan addresses 10 areas of potential impact in the community and identifies actions that residents, businesses and municipal operations can take to prepare for and adapt to expected climate change impacts. The adaptation planning process and case study received funding from the BC Regional Adaptation Collaborative program.

2012 - Xat’sūll First Nation and Fraser Basin Council

Xat’sūll First Nation in British Columbia undertook a review of potential climate change impacts, vulnerabilities and opportunities for the community. This work was complementary to the Nation’s comprehensive community planning process, focused on sustainability. This case study summarizes the outcomes of two adaptation workshops facilitated by the Fraser Basin Council (FBC), with funding from the BC Regional Adaptation Collaborative program.

About ReTooling for Climate Change

The ReTooling for Climate Change website is a project of the Fraser Basin Council to support local governments and First Nations in BC in preparing for climate change adaptation. The site is funded through the BC Regional Adaptation Collaborative (BC RAC), a partnership program of the Fraser Basin Council and the BC Ministry of Environment – Climate Action Secretariat, with funding from Natural Resources Canada and other in-kind contributions.

Find out more about the Fraser Basin Council and the BC RAC at

We want to hear from you

Share your ideas and suggestions for new resource links to , Senior Program Manager, at the Fraser Basin Council.

Also worth a visit

On this site, you’ll find links to many helpful websites on climate change adaptation.

For steps communities can take to mitigate climate change, check out the Climate Action Toolkit website.