Fraser Basin Council


The Centre for Indigenous Environmental Resources (CIER) created six guidebooks to help First Nations through the adaptation planning process. These guidebooks offer suggestions of how a First Nation might plan for climate change, involve the community, and set and achieve priority goals.

A related case study was also developed in partnership with CIER to highlight development of the guidebooks and lessons learned.

The CIER website offers other helpful adaptation resources also: Implementing Adaptive Capacity – First Nations in Transition (T’Sou-ke Nation) webcast (part of Sharing Knowledge for a Better Future program), Managing the Risk of Climate Change – A Guide for Arctic and Northern Communities, Climate Change Impacts on Ice, Winter Roads, Access Trails and Manitoba First Nations and Climate Risks and Adaptive Capacity in Aboriginal Communities – An Assessment South of 60 Degrees Latitude. Visit the CIER Climate Change publications page.

2011 - District of Saanich

The District of Saanich adopted a Climate Change Adaptation Plan in 2011. The plan addresses climate change impacts in 10 key sectors including: ecosystems and urban forests; infrastructure; transportation and mobility; buildings; agriculture and food security; energy supply; economic development; health; land-use; and emergency response. It identifies actions that residents, businesses and municipal operations can take to prepare for and adapt to these impacts.

2011 - Fraser Basin Council and City of Prince George 

This Fraser Basin Council case study summarizes recent climate change adaptation planning in the City of Prince George, British Columbia, which has been underway since 2007. The report Adapting to Climate Change in Prince George: An Overview of Adaptation Priorities (2009) summarizes climate change projections, impacts, strategies and potential adaptation actions for Prince George, and outlines 11 focus areas for adaptation planning. These are considered in Prince George's Integrated Community Sustainability Plan, called myPG 2010, and will be incorporated into the City’s updated Official Community Plan. The City examined some key impacts in greater detail, including transportation infrastructure, stormwater and agriculture, with funding from the BC Regional Climate Adaptation Collaborative initiative.

2012 - Fraser Basin Council and District of Saanich

This Fraser Basin Council case study summarizes steps taken by the District of Saanich in developing it Climate Change Adaptation Plan, which was adopted in 2011. The plan addresses 10 areas of potential impact in the community and identifies actions that residents, businesses and municipal operations can take to prepare for and adapt to expected climate change impacts. The adaptation planning process and case study received funding from the BC Regional Adaptation Collaborative program.

2012 - Xat’sūll First Nation and Fraser Basin Council

Xat’sūll First Nation in British Columbia undertook a review of potential climate change impacts, vulnerabilities and opportunities for the community. This work was complementary to the Nation’s comprehensive community planning process, focused on sustainability. This case study summarizes the outcomes of two adaptation workshops facilitated by the Fraser Basin Council (FBC), with funding from the BC Regional Adaptation Collaborative program.

2012 - West Coast Environmental Law, for the BC Ministry of Community, Sport and Cultural Development

This Guide is designed to assist elected officials and staff to plan and act in ways that will make their communities more resilient to the impacts of a changing climate.

Part 1 introduces climate change adaptation including climate change impacts in BC, how local governments are affected, the adaptation process, and building adaptive capacity and resilience. Part 2 offers practical examples of climate change adaptation strategies in the context of land use planning, emergency management planning, long term financing and reporting, asset management, infrastructure, civic buildings policy, building regulation, watershed management, liquid waste management, air quality, biodiversity, conservation, community and economic development, legal liability and insurance. Supplemental materials include three adaptation scenarios, checklists for local governments and links to other adaptation projects and resources.

The Guide was developed under the BC Regional Adaptation Collaborative and funded by Natural Resources Canada and the Fraser Basin Council, with support from the BC Ministry of Community, Sport and Cultural Development.

2012 – City of Prince George

To help identify and plan for the impacts of climate change, the City of Prince George worked on a planning process in partnership with University of Northern BC (UNBC), the Fraser Basin Council and many others. The City incorporated adaptation into the myPG sustainability plan and the Official Community Plan.

This video series offers an overview of the work and some of the key focus areas: forests, ecosystems, transportation and flood:

For related resources, see also Adapting to Climate Change in Prince George and a Fraser Basin Council case study.

2013 - Arlington Group Planning + Architecture Inc. and others for the Government of British Columbia

Coastal hazards associated with sea level rise include coastal inundation (flooding), reduced drainage capacity (due to higher groundwater levels), coastal erosion, changes to coastal habitats and loss of wetlands, such as salt marshes. The BC Ministry of Environment commissioned the Sea Level Rise Adaptation Primer: A Toolkit to Build Adaptive Capacity on Canada's South Coasts to help coastal management authorities — mainly local governments  — identify, evaluate and compare options for adapting to the impacts of sea level rise and associated coastal hazards. The Primer offers 21 adaptation tools: for planning, regulation, land use changes/restrictions and for structural (flood protection) and non-structural (soft armouring) works.

The project was funded through the BC Regional Adaptation Collaborative (RAC) in partnership with Atlantic RAC and Natural Resources Canada to investigate adaptation on Canada's Pacific and Atlantic coasts.

2018 - C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group and Children's Investment Fund Foundation 

The Adaptation and Mitigation Interaction Assessment Tool will help cities understand the relationship between mitigation measures, which reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and adaptation measures, which reduce climate risk. Based on cities’ experiences and designed for cities, this is the first tool available that will help policy-makers systemically analyze potential interactions between mitigation and adaptation as they develop climate action plans. 

Its user-friendly design enables cities to methodically identify potential interactions between existing or proposed climate adaptation and mitigation actions, highlight potential opportunities and conflicts, and provide users with case studies and relevant examples to guide decision-making.

The library of nearly 60 case studies not only provides illustrated examples of those interactions, but also brings insight on the actual implementation in different environments. Designed as a living tool, it will be regularly updated with new case studies both from C40 cities and external sources.

2013 — ICLEI Canada

The Adaptation Library is a compilation of community-related tools and resources developed through the Natural Resources Canada Regional Adaptation Collaborative and Tools for Adaptation Programs in six regions of the country.

Search the Adaptation Library to find reports, guides and case studies developed for British Columbia, the Prairies, Ontario, Quebec and Northern Canada as well as those for use by communities across Canada.

About ReTooling for Climate Change

The ReTooling for Climate Change website is a project of the Fraser Basin Council to support local governments and First Nations in BC in preparing for climate change adaptation. The site is funded through the BC Regional Adaptation Collaborative (BC RAC), a partnership program of the Fraser Basin Council and the BC Ministry of Environment – Climate Action Secretariat, with funding from Natural Resources Canada and other in-kind contributions.

Find out more about the Fraser Basin Council and the BC RAC at

We want to hear from you

Share your ideas and suggestions for new resource links to , Senior Program Manager, at the Fraser Basin Council.

Also worth a visit

On this site, you’ll find links to many helpful websites on climate change adaptation.

For steps communities can take to mitigate climate change, check out the Climate Action Toolkit website.