Fraser Basin Council


2014 – SNC Lavalin for the Stewardship Centre for British Columbia

This report explores use of soft shore armouring approaches as an alternative to, or adaptation of, hard armouring of the shoreline, within the context of climate change, sea level rise practices and guidelines, and flood protection.

The study evaluated the effectiveness of the three soft shore armouring approaches, based on specific scenarios and case examples (communities along the BC shoreline). Each was evaluated according to the following criteria:

  • Adaptability to sea level rise from climate change
  • Effectiveness in protecting the shoreline against flooding
  • Effectiveness in providing ecological resilience
  • Relative cost, taking into account initial capital investment, maintenance and replacement costs.

The report was prepared by SNC Lavalin for the Stewardship Centre for British Columbia, with the support of Natural Resources Canada.


2012 - West Coast Environmental Law, for the BC Ministry of Community, Sport and Cultural Development

This Guide is designed to assist elected officials and staff to plan and act in ways that will make their communities more resilient to the impacts of a changing climate.

Part 1 introduces climate change adaptation including climate change impacts in BC, how local governments are affected, the adaptation process, and building adaptive capacity and resilience. Part 2 offers practical examples of climate change adaptation strategies in the context of land use planning, emergency management planning, long term financing and reporting, asset management, infrastructure, civic buildings policy, building regulation, watershed management, liquid waste management, air quality, biodiversity, conservation, community and economic development, legal liability and insurance. Supplemental materials include three adaptation scenarios, checklists for local governments and links to other adaptation projects and resources.

The Guide was developed under the BC Regional Adaptation Collaborative and funded by Natural Resources Canada and the Fraser Basin Council, with support from the BC Ministry of Community, Sport and Cultural Development.

2012 – City of Prince George

To help identify and plan for the impacts of climate change, the City of Prince George worked on a planning process in partnership with University of Northern BC (UNBC), the Fraser Basin Council and many others. The City incorporated adaptation into the myPG sustainability plan and the Official Community Plan.

This video series offers an overview of the work and some of the key focus areas: forests, ecosystems, transportation and flood:

For related resources, see also Adapting to Climate Change in Prince George and a Fraser Basin Council case study.

2018 - Insurance Bureau of Canada

This report profiles a framework for assessing the business case for natural infrastructure investment and a due diligence process for the implementation of natural infrastructure projects. More specifically, the report provides an overview of approaches to assess the economic value of natural infrastructure investments, versus traditional built infrastructure solutions. This expands the utility of the framework beyond local communities and makes it relevant to parties seeking to direct green infrastructure spending in Canada. The key message is that Canada cannot afford to lose more natural infrastructure assets, like wetlands and ponds, in its overall effort to limit the growing costs of floods, droughts and other natural disasters.

District of West Vancouver

The District of West Vancouver created a shoreline protection plan (SPP) to help recreate a naturally self-sustaining shoreline to address the impacts of development, climate change and sea level rise.


The Green Bylaws Toolkit is a practical document for local governments in BC on what bylaws are applicable to which issues, and in which jurisdictions.  If provides case studies of bylaws at work in BC, examples of comprehensive environmental regulation for rural and urban communities, rationale for protecting sensitive ecosystems, and other useful information to assist local governments navigate the bylaws governing natural resources and the environment.

2018 - Municipal Natural Assets Initiative

The term Municipal Natural Assets refers to the stocks of natural resources or ecosystems that contribute to the provision of one or more services required for the health, well-being, and long-term sustainability of a community and its residents. The Municipal Natural Assets Initiative (MNAI) provides scientific, economic and municipal expertise to support and guide local governments in identifying, valuing and accounting for natural assets in their financial planning and asset management programs, and in developing leading-edge, sustainable and climate resilient infrastructure. This webpage showcases case studies of MNAI's pilot communities, including the Town of Gibsons, City of Nanaimo, District of West Vancouver, Grand Forks, Region of Peel and Town of Oakville. 

2019 - Municipal Natural Assets Initiative

MNAI presents 5 decision-maker summaries for their most popular recent research documents. They are part of a series designed to provide local governments with easy-to-access information to help with adoption of municipal natural asset management. These summaries have been drawn from five reports published by MNAI between 2017-2019. Copies of these reports and complete lists of sources are available at:

The decision-maker summaries are on the following subjects:

  • What are Municipal Natural Assets? Defining and Scoping Municipal Natural Assets
  • Advancing Municipal Natural Asset Management Through Financial Planning and Reporting: Learning from the Town of Gibsons' Experience
  • Advancing Municipal Natural Asset Management Through Collaborative Strategies for Private Lands
  • Advancing Municipal Natural Asset Management Through Professional Planning: Twelve Action Steps
  • Advancing Municipal Natural Asset Management Through Infrastructure Funding Opportunities

2019 - World Bank Group, GFDRR & Deltares

The Natural Hazards – Nature-based Solutions platform is a hub for projects, investments, guidance and studies making use of nature to reduce the risks associated with natural hazards. The website's objective is to host and facilitate the exchange of knowledge, experiences and lessons learned from a range of stakeholders, to provide guidance on the planning and implementation of nature-based solutions, and to champion these solutions in the arenas of policy-making and investment for disaster risk reduction. The guidance was developed and agreed upon by a group of leading international institutions who are engaged in designing, planning, financing and/or implementing nature-based solutions around the world. The platform was developed by the World Bank, the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR), and Deltares.

2018 - World Bank and World Resources Institute

This booklet is for staff at governments, development finance institutions (DFIs), and other development institutions to understand how nature-based solutions can enhance disaster risk management, and how to begin integrating these approaches into projects. The booklet illustrates nature-based solutions through 14 real-world examples. Its main findings draw on the forthcoming report Integrating Green and Gray: Creating Next Generation Infrastructure, published by the World Bank and World Resources Institute. The booklet’s three sections cover the following:

  • The World Bank’s Nature-based Solutions Program and World Bank projects already investing in nature-based solutions components.
  • Examples of nature-based solutions for three types of hazards: coastal flooding and erosion, urban stormwater flooding, and river flooding.
  • Guidance to support implementation of NBS in DRM, including a high-level review of emerging policies and financing approaches that encourage the use of nature-based solutions.

About ReTooling for Climate Change

The ReTooling for Climate Change website is a project of the Fraser Basin Council to support local governments and First Nations in BC in preparing for climate change adaptation. The site is funded through the BC Regional Adaptation Collaborative (BC RAC), a partnership program of the Fraser Basin Council and the BC Ministry of Environment – Climate Action Secretariat, with funding from Natural Resources Canada and other in-kind contributions.

Find out more about the Fraser Basin Council and the BC RAC at

We want to hear from you

Share your ideas and suggestions for new resource links to , Senior Program Manager, at the Fraser Basin Council.

Also worth a visit

On this site, you’ll find links to many helpful websites on climate change adaptation.

For steps communities can take to mitigate climate change, check out the Climate Action Toolkit website.