Fraser Basin Council


(2014) Natural Resources Canada

The climate is changing – in Canada and throughout the world. Globally, international assessments continue to identify rising air and ocean temperatures, shifting precipitation patterns, shrinking glaciers, declining snow cover and sea ice extent, rising sea level and changes in extreme events (IPCC, 2013).

In 2008, the Government of Canada released a national-scale science assessment of climate change impacts and adaptation: From Impacts to Adaptation: Canada in a Changing Climate).

This report – Canada in a Changing Climate: Sector Perspectives on Impacts and Adaptation – is a 2014 update to the 2008 assessment. It discusses climate change impacts and adaptation from a sectoral perspective, based primarily on literature published up to the end of 2012. Led by Natural Resources Canada, the updated assessment involved over 90 authors and 115 expert reviewers, and synthesizes over 1,500 recent publications.

The report focus is on the following sectors: natural resources, food production, biodiversity and protected areas, human health, water and transportation infrastructure and industry.

2014 – SNC Lavalin for the Stewardship Centre for British Columbia

This report explores use of soft shore armouring approaches as an alternative to, or adaptation of, hard armouring of the shoreline, within the context of climate change, sea level rise practices and guidelines, and flood protection.

The study evaluated the effectiveness of the three soft shore armouring approaches, based on specific scenarios and case examples (communities along the BC shoreline). Each was evaluated according to the following criteria:

  • Adaptability to sea level rise from climate change
  • Effectiveness in protecting the shoreline against flooding
  • Effectiveness in providing ecological resilience
  • Relative cost, taking into account initial capital investment, maintenance and replacement costs.

The report was prepared by SNC Lavalin for the Stewardship Centre for British Columbia, with the support of Natural Resources Canada.


2012 – World Wildlife Fund Canada, Brinkman Forest Ltd, BC Ministry of Forests, Lands and Natural Resource Operations and others

The Lower Skeena Adaptation Toolkit is an online audio-visual slide presentation developed to assist communities of the Lower Skeena adapt to climate change impacts, with a focus on the management of forests, fish and watersheds in a changing climate. The toolkit is part of a two-year project “Climate Change Adaptation Planning for Northwest Skeena Communities.”

2012 - West Coast Environmental Law, for the BC Ministry of Community, Sport and Cultural Development

This Guide is designed to assist elected officials and staff to plan and act in ways that will make their communities more resilient to the impacts of a changing climate.

Part 1 introduces climate change adaptation including climate change impacts in BC, how local governments are affected, the adaptation process, and building adaptive capacity and resilience. Part 2 offers practical examples of climate change adaptation strategies in the context of land use planning, emergency management planning, long term financing and reporting, asset management, infrastructure, civic buildings policy, building regulation, watershed management, liquid waste management, air quality, biodiversity, conservation, community and economic development, legal liability and insurance. Supplemental materials include three adaptation scenarios, checklists for local governments and links to other adaptation projects and resources.

The Guide was developed under the BC Regional Adaptation Collaborative and funded by Natural Resources Canada and the Fraser Basin Council, with support from the BC Ministry of Community, Sport and Cultural Development.

2012 – City of Prince George

To help identify and plan for the impacts of climate change, the City of Prince George worked on a planning process in partnership with University of Northern BC (UNBC), the Fraser Basin Council and many others. The City incorporated adaptation into the myPG sustainability plan and the Official Community Plan.

This video series offers an overview of the work and some of the key focus areas: forests, ecosystems, transportation and flood:

For related resources, see also Adapting to Climate Change in Prince George and a Fraser Basin Council case study.

2012 – City of Prince George and Fraser Basin Council

During its Integrated Community Sustainability Plan (myPG) process and Official Community Plan review, the City of Prince George recognized that both these processes would benefit from studies of the city’s natural areas. To protect and promote these areas, the City embarked on projects to map natural areas, identify the most sensitive areas, assess the impact of climate change over time, and develop strategies to manage and monitor natural areas within city limits. This work may be useful to other local governments looking to incorporate the potential impacts of climate change into their land use decisions and management of natural areas. The project received funding from the BC Regional Adaptation Collaborative program.

Also see a companion video: Prince George Adaptation and Sensitive Ecosystems.

2013 – University of Washington, School of Environmental and Forest Sciences
This guide, prepared by University of Washington's School of Environmental and Forest Sciences, provides guidelines for doing a simple and rapid climate impact assessment for any number of park management objectives. Such a rapid assessment focuses on identifying major climate trends and potential impacts using existing expertise and a few key web resources. The tool can help BC Parks managers begin to consider how climate change will impact park management and identify areas where a full-scale planning effort is warranted.

2012 – Brinkman Forest Ltd and Coast Tsimshian Resources, LP

Here is a report for communities of the Northwest Skeena region in British Columbia focused on opportunities, tools and challenges for climate change adaptation and the integrated management of forests, fish and local values in a changing climate.

2012 – Centre for Indigenous Environmental Resources - Video

Here is a presentation for the 2012 Forum "Climate Change Adaptation Planning on Food, Plant and Medicine Security" in Akwesasne, part of a project of the Centre for Indigenous Environmental Resources.

2018 - Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ), Eurac Research, United Nations University - Institute for Environment and Human Security (UNU-EHS)

This guidebook helps planners and practitioners in designing and implementing climate risk assessments in the context of Ecosystem-based Adaptation projects. It provides a standardized approach to assess risks within social-ecological systems based on two application examples (river basin and coastal zone management) by following the methodology of the GIZ vulnerability sourcebook and its Risk Supplement. The guidebook includes the following modules: 1) Preparing the risk assessment, 2) Developing impact chains, 3) Identifying and selecting indicators for risk components, 4-7) From data acquisition to risk assessment, 8) Presenting and interpreting the outcomes of the risk assessment, and 9) Identifying adaptation options. 



About ReTooling for Climate Change

The ReTooling for Climate Change website is a project of the Fraser Basin Council to support local governments and First Nations in BC in preparing for climate change adaptation. The site is funded through the BC Regional Adaptation Collaborative (BC RAC), a partnership program of the Fraser Basin Council and the BC Ministry of Environment – Climate Action Secretariat, with funding from Natural Resources Canada and other in-kind contributions.

Find out more about the Fraser Basin Council and the BC RAC at

We want to hear from you

Share your ideas and suggestions for new resource links to , Senior Program Manager, at the Fraser Basin Council.

Also worth a visit

On this site, you’ll find links to many helpful websites on climate change adaptation.

For steps communities can take to mitigate climate change, check out the Climate Action Toolkit website.